Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "In Piotrków, the plaque dedicated to the memory of General Grot –Rowecki was decorated with flowers and a ribbon with the words <<In memory of the deceased - NSZZ <<Solidarity>>".
Representatives of the dissolved Association of Polish Journalists published an open letter to their members. This touched on the dissolution of the Association, and appealed for the observance of the honorary code of conduct in the face of repressions, which included the so-called verification campaign being carried out among journalists.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "In Płock, an invalid doused himself in gas on the street and set himself alight, protesting against the unjust - in his opinion - decisions of the authorities". During the night March 23-24, a group of students from the Polytechnic implemented an audacious plan, painting lettering on 14 tramcars parked at the Rataje Roundabout. These tramcars (carrying, among others, the following slogans: "Off with the blind man", "Freedom and bread", "Free the internees") travelled through the center of town to the depot on Gajowa Street.
The prison service battered internees at the penal center in Iława.
Employees of the Metal Plant in Biłgoraj organized a petition campaign concerning the reintroduction of free saturdays. Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "A fundraiser was held at the Mine Plant <<Konrad>> in Niwiny in order to help the internees, imprisoned, and their families".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "March 22-30 in Świebodzin there was uncovered a 17-man illegal organization made up of adults, operating under the name "the Underground of Solidarity of the Świebodzin Area". The members of the organization were engaged in preparing and distributing pamphlets.".
CALENDAR OF EVENTS March 29
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "50 members of the suspended SDP signed a petition protesting against the dissolution of the SDP".
The Navy Court in Gdynia used the summary procedure to sentence five persons to terms of imprisonment ranging from 1 to 6.5 years (Rudolf Zając) for the organization and administration of the strike at the Center of Production Technology of the Shipbuilding Industry in the Management Facility of the Port of Gdańsk.
The Court of the Warsaw Military District, acting at the seat of the Military Court in Rzeszów, sentenced Barbara Krystyna Garbarczyk and Adam Pawluś to 3 years of imprisonment for the preparation and distribution of pamphlets in Jasło on December 13, 1981.
Establishment of the Committee for Assistance for Internees, the Imprisoned and Deprived of Employment, and their Families at the Bernardine Monastery in Rzeszów.
Zdzisław Najder, a historian of literature and co-founder of the Polish Freedom Association, became the director of Radio Free Europe.
The Secret Police in Gorzów broke up the "Eljot" group, which produced and distributed pamphlets. Its leader, Jan Kustusz, was sentenced to a term of 4 years imprisonment, while the five remaining members received suspended sentences of 2 years imprisonment (for 3 years).
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the church in Hel, an attempt was made to organize a <<miracle>>; on this day, a similar attempt was made at the church in the township of Skrzeszew".
The theses of the Primate's Social Council, in presenting proposals for the gradual abolition of martial law, were published. A detailed item was devoted to the reactivation of "Solidarity". The terms and conditions and subject of a settlement with the authorities, albeit viewed from the position of the Church, were discussed. Broadcasts of the television program II were resumed.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: A fundraiser was held at the "Omega" Children's Hospital [ProvincialInjurySurgeryHospital for Children] in Warsaw in order to help the internees, imprisoned, and their families".
Professor Henryk Samsonowicz was removed from the post of Vice-Chancellor of Warsaw University.
In Szczecin, an Interplant Coordination Committee of NSZZ "Solidarity" was established, comprising among others Longin Komołowski, Władysław Lisewski, Jan Otto, Jerzy Słonecki, Janusz Szaban, and Jan Tarnowski. The group published two illegal papers: "Feniks" and "Informacje bieżące". Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "The deans of 12 departments of WarsawUniversity submitted a protest to the Minister of Higher Education, Science, and Technology in connection with the dismissal of the University's vice-chancellor".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "88 […] employees of the Steam Engine Repair Branch of PKP Locomotive Depot Toruń-Kluczyki signed a petition demanding the improvement of social conditions. […] They threatened to strike if their demands were not met". Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On April 9, an illegal organization named Young Poland was discovered at the secondary school in Krosno. The members of the group – 6 students – occupied themselves with executing letterings, preparing and distributing pamphlets, and in the future intended to undertake terrorist activities."
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the partisans' cemetery in Kielce, a symbolic Katyń cross was placed".
The Provincial Office in Poznań seized monies on the account of the Social Committee for Erection of the June 1956 Memorial. The funds were handed over to "Caritas".
In Warsaw, the first Radio "Solidarity" broadcast, hosted by Zbigniew Romaszewski, was aired. This was preceded by a pamphlet distribution campaign.
Short strikes and protests against martial law took place in numerous plants around the country. Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "In Gorzów, as a protest against martial law, many houses were darkened at night and candles lit in windows". At night, two students of Poznanian secondary schools took down the red flag flying on the mast on the roof of the building of the Provincial Committee of the PZPR. They replaced it with a flag with the word "Solidarity". This was seen by many residents of Poznań who were on their way to work in the early hours.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At numerous workplaces in Pabianice, fundraisers were organized for people who had been deprived of their so-called 13th salary for participating in strikes on December 13". Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On April 14 during a film show at the "Atlantic" cinema in Warsaw, a smelly substance was poured out, in turn leading to an interruption of the screening and cancellation of two successive screenings. On this same day, a foul smelling liquid was also poured out at the "Skarpa" cinema in Warsaw."
The first issue of the independent literary magazine "Wezwanie" was published.
At the Department of Electronic of the Warsaw Polytechnic, signatures were collected under a letter to Professor Henryk Samsonowicz, the dismissed vice-chancellor of WarsawUniversity, with an expression of sadness regarding his dismissal.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "An employee of the Institute of Basic Technical Research Issues of the Polish Academy of Sciences – Ryszard Hereczyński – commenced the distribution of a <<Scientist's moral code>>, which he himself had authored, together with a guidebook for teachers, encouraging a negative political standpoint among readers". Seventeen negatively verified journalists from Łódź protested against the dissolution of the Association of Polish Journalists and the appointment of the Association of Journalists of the People's Republic of Poland, loyal with respect to the authorities. The Łódź Branch of SDPRL was headed by Zdzisław Strzępek ("Głos Robotniczy"), Henryk Walenda ("Dziennik Łódzki"), and Jerzy Panasiewicz ("Odgłosy").
Internees in Uherce commenced a collective protest campaign.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the Mechanical Plant in Puck, some of the employees started to wear resistors, as a symbol of resistance against martial law".
An Interplant Coordination Committee of NSZZ "Solidarity" was established in the Western Pomerania region.
An Executive Committee of the Sub-Beskidy Region was established in arrangement with RKW Lesser Poland.
The Interim Coordination Committee of NSZZ "Solidarity" was established. It comprised Zbigniew Bujak (Mazovia), Władysław Hardek (Lesser Poland), Władysław Frasyniuk (Lower Silesia), and Bogdan Lis (Gdańsk). Its tasks included coordinating activities aimed at abolishing martial law, freeing those imprisoned, and reinstating the legal functioning of the trade union.
The Regional Executive Committee of NSZZ "Solidarity" in the Sub-Beskidy Region was established.
An Interplant Workers' Solidarity Committee (MRKS) was created in the capital.
Primate Józef Glemp met General Wojciech Jaruzelski.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the Departments of Transport Economics, Law, Biology, and Earth Science of Gdańsk University, classes were suspended for a period of 15 minutes, in protest against the dismissal of the current vice-chancellor".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the PKP Locomotive Depot Warsaw-Odolany a fundraiser was organized in order to assist the families of interned and arrested people".
The "Lech" paper was published in Piła, under the title: "Lech. Gazeta Wojenna RKS NSZZ «Solidarity» w Pile". Father Stanisław Dzierżek was put on trial at the Provincial Court in Kalisz, accused of including controversial - from the point of view of the authorities - contents in the Christmas Crib, thereby "damaging public order".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "Signatures were being collected under a petition demanding new elections for the social committee at the Scientific Apparatuses Plant "Unipan" of the PolishAcademy of Sciences.
Before the May 1 holiday, the authorities freed approximately 1,000 internees, and cancelled the curfew. The first program of Radio "Solidarity" was broadcast at the Stalowa Wola Steel Mill. Once the first shift finished work, approximately 2,000 employees of the Lenin Steel Mill in Nowa Huta marched in silence from the gate of the complex to Central Square.
The Secret Regional Board of "Solidarity" was established in Łódź; a few weeks later, the Interim Coordination Committee of NSZZ "Solidarity" and NSZZ "Solidarity" of Individual Farmers of the Sieradz Area were established. The Regional Consultation Committee was established in Silesia. This comprised Jerzy Buzek, Jerzy Łoik, Marian Maciejczyk, Grzegorz Opala, Jerzy Szafko, Krzysztof Rajpert, and Witold Zalewski. The group managed to establish permanent contact with the TKK.
In Białystok, Gdańsk, Gdynia, Łódź, Szczecin, Toruń, and Warsaw the opposition organized demonstrations, also known as counterdemonstrations (as opposed to the official May 1 demonstrations). An Interim Tarnów Coordination Committee of NSZZ "S" was established in Żabno near Tarnów.
Various incidents took place around the country, i.e. May 1 decorations were destroyed, flags were torn down, etc.
On the anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution of May 3 (officially not commemorated in the People's Republic of Poland), thousands of "Solidarity" sympathisers manifested their opposition to martial law and government policy during street demonstrations in Białystok, Elbląg, Gdańsk, Gliwice, Kraków, Lublin, Łódź, Rzeszów, Szczecin, Toruń, and Warsaw. The ZOMO intervened. In Warsaw, Mieczysław Radomski succumbed to wounds received, possibly in connection with political activities. In Szczecin, Władysław Dudra died, poisoned by gases used by the militia. In Kraków, Franciszek Rycerz died after receiving a blow to the base of the nose with a stick. In Świdnik, a protest walk in the city center gathered some 3,000 participants.
The 184th Plenary Conference of the Polish Episcopate convened at Jasna Góra. Participants presented a plan for the creation of an Agricultural Foundation, which was intended to support individual Polish farmers in cooperation with Western donators and investors.
Under the influence of Warsaw's May 3 demonstrations, the President of Warsaw, General Mieczysław Dębicki reintroduced the curfew – previously lifted on May 2 – between 24:00 and 05:00 in the morning (for youth under 18 years of age - from 21:00), and suspended the activities of cultural and entertainment institutions. Parliament passed an Act on Higher Education, by and large containing the provisions negotiated in 1981. On May 4 one of the first "marches" took place in Białystok. This was attended by approximately 1,000 people. In successive days, other "marches" took place, with one being attended by as many as 4,000 people.
Street fighting continued for another day in Lublin. Following the intervention of the militia, 176 people were arrested.
In Gdańsk, a local trade union coordination body - the Regional Coordination Committee of NSZZ "Solidarity" - was established.
Edward Atończyk, interned in Tarnobrzeg, was sentenced to a term of imprisonment of 4 years for writing poems and rhymes containing "false information".
In Warsaw, under the influence of trade union "grassroots" groups, a local coordinating group was established - the Regional Executive Committee of NSZZ "Solidarity" - Mazovia Region (initially this was known as the Regional Executive Committee). It comprised well-known Mazovian trade union activists - Zbigniew Bujak, Wiktor Kulerski, Zbigniew Janas, and Zbigniew Romaszewski.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "In Warsaw at 21:00 another program was broadcast by the illegal radio station "Radio <<Solidarity>>".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the <<Transbud>> Building Equipment Transport Company in Płock, 150 drivers (out of the 185 employed) refused to collect paychecks for the month of April due to the approx. 2,000 zlotys decrease in salaries. Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On May 10, in Kąty Wrocławskie a flag in national colors was destroyed. At Bohaterów Westerplatte Square in Wrocław, in which paint was poured over the monument dedicated to ORMO officers who had died fighting the reactionary underground."
In Poznań at Fredry Street, officers of the Citizens' Militia detained a 19-year-old student of the HorticulturalSecondary School, Piotr Majchrzak; brutally assaulted, he died without recovering consciousness on May 18 at the hospital on Lutycka Street. Lech Wałęsa was transferred to Arłamów near Krościenko, to a former government center, located approx. 6 km from the border with the USSR.
The Military Court in Katowice acquitted all of those accused of directing the strike at the "Piast" Hard Coal Mine in December 1981. The acquitted miners were immediately interned. The RKW of Lesser Poland called for a boycott of newspapers on each Wednesday. This was an expression of opposition to the lies and violence, and an example of solidarity with the repressed journalists. At 22:00, the first ten-minute broadcast of the underground Radio "Solidarity" of the Greater Poland Region was aired. From July 1982, the broadcasts were aired on the frequency of the 1st national TV program; this made it possible to omit pamphlets and at the same rendered it difficult to home in on the transmitter.
Following an appeal of the TKK, 15-minute demonstrations and strikes were organized in numerous cities around the country. In Warsaw and Kraków, ZOMO units attacked demonstrators.
Those interned in Białołęka commenced a protest hunger strike against martial law.
Internment of the vice-chancellors of WarsawUniversity, Professor Jadwiga Puzynina, Professor Hanna Świda-Ziemba, and Professor Joanna Mantel-Niećko. Hitherto, they were engaged in caring for the interned employees of the University. In Sochaczew, group marches of residents during the period of the broadcast of the official television news program commenced and were continued for a week, with the participation of priests and the accompaniment of Church bells.
In Ursus, which was then located outside of Warsaw, a group of a few hundred persons lit vigil candles and placed wreaths at the obelisk commemorating the events of June 1976.
In Lublin, an Inter-Collegiate Resistance Committee of the NZS was established.
Radio "Solidarity" announced the imprisonment of J. K. Kelus.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "The Senate of Warsaw University passed a resolution demanding the immediate release of those detained in the events of May 13, 1982, i.e. 2 scientific employees [in actual fact, the correct number was three]". A protest hunger strike started at the Center for Internees in Łowicz, lasted until May 25.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "During the broadcast of the main television news program, a protest march along Lipowa Street in Białystok was attended by approx. 1,000 people."
Automatic telephone connections were re-established throughout the country. Representatives of Polish culture and science addressed a letter to the Parliament of the People's Republic of Poland, concerning among others, expectations as to the more rapid abolition of the rigors of martial la
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the depot of the Municipal Taxi Corporation in Warsaw, on Chrzanowskiego Street, some of the employees started wearing radio resistors in protest against martial law".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "During the scientific seminar at the Nuclear Research Institute, a one minute silence was held to commemorate the interned employees of the Institute".
In Poznań, Piotr Majchrzak was buried at the Miłostow cemetery in a demonstrative atmosphere. The school friends of the murdered man were warned by the Secret Police to stay away from the funeral. Students from the UMCS organized a protest campaign in connection with the dismissal of the University's vice-chancellor, Professor Tadeusz Baszyński.
Publication of the first issue of "Tygodnik Powszechny" after December 13, 1981. It carried a sign of mourning. Another program was broadcast by the Warsaw-based Radio "Solidarity".
The Court of Warsaw Military District at the seat of the Military Court in Rzeszów used the summary procedure to sentence three persons to terms of imprisonment ranging from 3.5 to 4.5 years for the organization of a strike in Stalowa Wola on December 14, 1981.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "After Mass at St Mary's Church in Gdańsk, a group of 150 persons convened in front of the church and then started to sing religious songs and moved towards the Dock Workers' monument – along the way, the numerical strength of the group increased to 1,500. At the monument, participants sang religious songs, lit candles, and hung flags carrying the words NSZZ <<Solidarity>> - following a demonstration of force on the part of closed rank units, the crowd dispersed".
In Poznań, a Clandestine Board of NSZZ "Solidarity" Greater Poland was appointed with the objective of resuming the statutory activities of the trade union. Organizational activities aimed at its appointment were conducted by Lech Różański, while members of the KZR included: Mieczysław Bryk (HCP), Zbigniew Dolata ("Teletra"), Jerzy Krężlewski (UAM), Maciej Musiał (Wood Technology Institute) and Mieczysław Siwek (Poznanian Factory of Rolling Bearings). In its Declaration, the KZR called upon readers to establish clandestine plant committees and make attempts at resuming the statutory activities of NSZZ "Solidarity". The press organ of the KZR was the "Information service of KZR NSZZ "Solidarity" of the Greater Poland Region", and subsequently the "Poznań" paper.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the Bródno cemetery in Warsaw, 3 symbolic Katyń crosses were placed".
The Provincial Court in Gdańsk sentenced four persons accused of directing the December strike at the Gdańsk Shipyard to terms of imprisonment ranging from 2 years (Alojzy Szablewski; suspended sentence) to 4 years (Krzysztof Dowgiałło).
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "The scientific council of the Institute of History of the PolishAcademy of Sciences in Warsaw passed a resolution demanding the freeing of interned employees [of the Institute of History]". A sentence was passed regarding twelve "Solidarity" activists in Tomaszów Mazowiecki, accused of continuing trade union activities. Two-year sentences handed out to four persons were subsequently appealed against and suspended.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "During church festivities in Piekary Śląskie, 15 persons were arrested when trying to unfurl banners with the words NSZZ <<Solidarity>> and voice hostile shouts".
At Zwycięstwa Square (presently Józefa Piłsudskiego Square), the MRKS group set in a marble plaque dedicated to the memory of miners shot at the "Wujek" coal mine.
Kornel Morawiecki established "Fighting Solidarity" in Wrocław.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the Industrial Building Machines Institute in Warsaw, 40 employees submitted a petition to the Primate with a request for considering the situation of an interned employee of the Institute and his family". The firstand only issue of the paper "Solidarność Ziemi Sieradzkiej Wydanie wojenne" was published.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "446 employees of Sanockie Zakłady Przemysłu Gumowego <<Stomil>> in Sanok signed a petition demanding the freeing of an interned employee".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the Kujawskie Zakłady Naprawy Samochodów in Solec Kujawski, 176 employees signed a petition demanding the reengagement of 3 participants of a strike held on May 13, 1982. Some of the students and teachers of the XXXth Secondary School in Łódź signed a petition demanding the freeing of interned teachers.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "Before the cathedral in Kielce, a group of 15 persons unfurled flags with the words "NSZZ <<Solidarity>>" – the interned and then distributed pamphlets".
A group connected with the Warsaw MRKS conveyed Jan Narożniak from the hospital at Banacha Street in Warsaw, where he was being guarded by the Secret Police. He found himself in hospital having been shot when trying to escape from militia officers in the second half of May.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At GdańskUniversity signatures were gathered under petitions (separately for students and separately for scientific employees) protesting against the dismissal of the University's vice-chancellor".
Members of the National Committee and the regional boards of Bydgoszcz, Gdańsk, Słupsk, and Toruń, imprisoned in Strzebielinek, submitted a document to a session of the International Labor Organization in Geneva, entitled "The Polish authorities are bent on destroying the independent trade union movement". The document was signed by 25 persons. In Wrocław, the first issue of a new paper (dated June 13) was published – "Solidarność Walcząca", prepared by a group concentrated around Kornel Morawiecki.
The Corpus Christi Procession in Łomża turned into the largest demonstration in the region outside of Białystok. Many of the participants were carrying resistors and "S" signs, while others were wearing white and red sashes with palls. Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "Before and during the Corpus Christi Procession at the monument dedicated to the victims of December 1970 inElbląg, many people placed flowers and lit candles".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the Rolling Mill of the Lenin Steel Mill in Kraków, a metal shrine was placed".
The Provincial Court in Toruń used the summary procedure to sentence four persons to terms of imprisonment ranging from 3 to 3.5 years for assistance in organizing a protest campaign.
In Załęże, a group of interned "Solidarity" activists commenced a hunger strike. Following the next "monthly" anniversary of the introduction of martial law, there were street demonstrations in Wrocław, Nowa Huta, and Gdańsk. An Interim Board of the Branch of NSZZ "Solidarity" was set up in Puławy. In Gorzów Wielkopolski, an underground Regional Executive Committee of NSZZ "Solidarity" was established, headed by Zbigniew Bełz; he was in charge of the Committee until his arrest on April 15, 1983.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At night, internees at the penal center in Białołęka Dworska organized a protest against martial law".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "60 employees of the <<Częstochowa>> Machine Building Complex in Częstochowa refused to collect paychecks for the month of May 1982 due to the reduction of remuneration by approx. 4,000 zlotys per person".
In Poznań, secret structures at the largest plants (HPC, "Teletra", "Centra", "Pomet") and the "Obserwator Wielkopolski" grouping appointed the Interim Coordination Committee of "Solidarity" in the Greater Poland Region, subordinated to the nationwide TKK. This comprised Ireneusz Adamski – representative of the editorial staff of "OW", Ryszard Biniak (HCP), Wiesław Chossa ("Teletra"), Jerzy Majchrzak ("Centra"), Stanisław Pawlak ("Pomet"), Henryk Tomczyk – representative of the group of plant committees. After four meetings, Marek Przybyła became the "OW" representative. The Court of the Silesian Military District sentenced members of the Underground NSZZ "Solidarity" of the Świebodzin Area. 13 of the accused received terms of imprisonment ranging from 2 to 6 years. Criminal proceedings were dismissed by the Court with respect to 3 of the accused. This was the largest political trial of "Solidarity" activists from the region.
The Court of the Silesian Military District in Wrocław at an external sitting used the summary procedure to sentence 15 persons to terms of imprisonment ranging from 2 years (suspended for 3 years) to 6 years for continuing trade union activities, and establishing an illegal trade union under the name Underground NSZZ "Solidarity" of the Świebodzin Area.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the Department of Steel Structures of the B. Bierut Steel Mill in Częstochowa, signatures were collected under a petition demanding the freeing of an interned mill employee".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At 22:00 in Poznań, <<Radio Solidarity Poznań>> started broadcasting a 14-minute long program on the FM waveband".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "After Mass at the Saint Kazimierz Church in Białystok, a group of approx. 2,000 persons, this at 20:00, passed in a loose formation to Leszczynowa Street, to the building site of a new church, where they sang religious songs and hung symbols of NSZZ <<Solidarity>> on the cross".
The Provincial Court in Toruń used the summary procedure to sentence 9 persons to terms of imprisonment ranging from 1.5 to 3.5 years (suspended for two years).
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "A fundraiser was held at the Metallurgical Plant "Pomet" in Poznań for the purpose of purchasing flowers to be placed at the June 1956 monument".
Stanisław Handzlik, a member of the Lesser Poland RKW, was arrested. Subsequently, he was sentenced to a term of imprisonment of 4 years.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "Internees at the center in Darłówek organized a protest hunger strike".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "Between 15:00-15:20, before the obelisk [commemorating] the events of June 1976 in Ursus, a group of 200 employees of the "Ursus" Mechanical Plant placed flower, lit vigil candles, and sung religious songs – one of the participants used a cassette recorder to play back a special speech of an NSZZ <<Solidarity>> activist who is currently in hiding".
TKK issued an appeal to society, asking to refrain from strikes and mass street demonstrations on July 22, 1982. This was supposed to encourage the authorities to establish a dialog and attempt to reach an understanding.
In Wrocław, Radio "Fighting Solidarity" aired its first broadcast. Until the end of the year, it had aired 28 broadcasts. The Interim Coordination Committee of NSZZ "Solidarity" of the Zielona Góra Region was established. The Secret Police began to expose this structure under an operation with the code name "Echo". 6 people were arrested.