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The Social Resistance Committee issued a declaration on the banning of "Solidarity", in which it pointed out that this is in fact a defeat for the authorities.
A rotational strike was held at the Gdańsk Shipyard and other plants around the Agglomeration of Three Cities. There were demonstrations and clashes with the militia at night and the next day. Workers staged a demonstration on the premises of ZM "Ursus". Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At 05:20 in Jelenia Góra, <<Radio Solidarity>> aired a broadcast on the FM waveband.
The Council of State passed a resolution on the principles of creating new trade union organizations. By the decision of the National Defense Committee, the Gdańsk Shipyard was militarized. Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "In Bielsko Biała at 20.25, Radio <<Solidarity>> aired a broadcast on the FM waveband". Due to the dissolution of "Solidarity", a protest strike took place at the HCP, departments W – 3 and W – 4, and - to a lesser extent - at departments W – 2 and WR. In Kędzierzyn-Koźle, a broadcast of Radio "Solidarity" was aired.
In Gdańsk and Wrocław, the ZOMO attacked a demonstration against the banning of "Solidarity". Other serious clashes took place in Nowa Huta. In their course, a Secret Police officer fatally shot Bogdan Włosik. The clashes lasted for three days. 135 people were arrested. Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "In Węgorzewo, a <<Radio Solidarity>> broadcast was aired on the FM waveband".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "29 employees of the Factory of Automatic Presses "Formet" in Bydgoszcz made a representation to the plant management with a demand for the return of trade union funds".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At approx. 19:00 at the Dąbrowszczaków Housing Estate in Kraków–Nowa Huta there gathered a group of some 2,000 people who started to build barricades and started to shout in a hostile manner - during activities conducted by a closed rank unit, some 303 people were arrested.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the Port of Gdynia, the radiotelegraphic network of the Port Guard was used to air a 15-minute broadcast of Radio Free Europe".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "After Mass at Jasna Góra, a crowd of some 5,000 people started to shout: <<Free Lech>>, <<We shall win>>, <<Poland is ours>>, <<We want the pope>>, <<End the war>> – those gathered sang the <<Hymn of Solidarity>>".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the "Komuna Paryska" Production Plant of Telephone Equipment in Warsaw, 12 employees did not commence work". Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On October 18 in Garwolin, the monument of General Karol Świerczewski was devastated".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On October 19, an An-2 aircraft belonging to the Plant of Agrotechnical Services in Szczecin was hijacked and flown to Sweden." An explosive device was placed at the Citizens' Militia casino in Głogów.
The TKK decided to accede to a general strike in the Spring of 1983. What is more, it decided to not recognize the decision to outlaw "Solidarity". At the cemetery in Grębałowo, the funeral of Bogdan Włosik took place, in which 20,000 people participated.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At 21:59 in Gdańsk, <<Radio Solidarity>> aired a 9-minute broadcast on the FM waveband".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the Nitrogen Plant in Puławy, a balloon with the word <<Solidarity>> was launched".
An "exemplary" statute of the new trade union was printed.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the Church of the Holy Cross in Łódź, at approx. 12:00 a group of 80 people gathered, and then unfurled a banner reading "Long live <<Solidarity>>"; pamphlets were distributed among those gathered".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "In Bydgoszcz, the FM waveband was used at 18:00 to air a broadcast of << Radio "Solidarity">> - broadcasting time was 11 minutes".
Parliament passed an act on the procedure against people who were refraining from work. Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "[in Gdańsk] at 22:00 an 8-minute broadcast of <<Radio Solidarity>> was aired on the FM waveband".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On October 27 in Katowice, the authorities uncovered a 5-man informal group that was engaged in preparing and distributing pamphlets; 1 "frame" type machine and 50 copies of publications - ready for distribution - were seized".
The Regional Committee - Solidarity Lesser Poland was established in Kraków.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "16 employees of the Warehouse of the Provincial Branch of <<Ruch>> in Konin undersigned a petition addressed to the management, demanding a pay raise".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On October 30 at the "Archimedes" Plant in Wrocław, the authorities uncovered a 9-man group operating under the illegal organizational structure of NSZZ "Solidarity", the members of which were engaged in preparing a strike at the plant for November 10".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the monument of the Shipyard Workers in Gdańsk, a group of some 500 people gathered in the evening, attempting to organize a demonstration; pamphlets were distributed among those gathered". Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On October 31, in Legnica, an explosive device was placed at the building of the Provincial Committee of the PZPR".
Opposition activists were recruited to the penal unit of the People's Army of Poland in Czerwony Bór.
The first production of the "Teatr Domowy" theater was held at the Warsaw apartment of the actress Ewa Dałkowska. The troupe presented "All the spectacles reserved no. 2 – restoring law and order", based on poetic texts from the 1980s and songs by Jan Kelus. The performance, which was presented at the "Powszechny" Theater after December 13, 1981, was taken off.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At 17:05, a 7-minute broadcast of <<Radio Solidarity>> was aired over the sound channel of the 1st television program". Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On November 2, the monument to Soviet soldiers in Ścinawa was covered with paint. Some 20 headstones were damaged at the cemetery of Soviet soldiers in Chocianów."
The Military Garrison Court in Białystok commenced the trial of students of the Białystok Polytechnic and Branch of Warsaw University accused of preparing, printing, and distributing the "Informational Bulletin of <<Solidarity>>".
The Provincial Court in Warsaw registered the first official (subordinate to the authorities) trade union organization of employees of the Capital Transport Company of Internal Trade.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On November 5 inLegnica, paint was poured over the monument of the Marshal of the PRL and the USSR, Konstanty Rokossowski."
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On November 6, a few-minute program/communique of <<Solidarity>> was aired from a building in the Main Square in Kraków, which was then under repair, by using a megaphone".
Piotr Bednarz was arrested. Józef Pionior became his successor as head of the RKS.
The Primate of Poland, Józef Glemp met with General Wojciech Jaruzelski. After the meeting, a date was agreed for the pilgrimage of the Pope, John Paul II, to Poland.
In the underground passage at the junction of Marszałkowska Street and Jerozolimskie Avenue, a speech by Zbigniew Bujak was broadcast through a megaphone. Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "In Gdańsk, a 6-minute <<Radio Solidarity>> broadcast was aired on the FM waveband".
On the anniversary of the registration of the Trade Union, only a small number of plants nationwide took up the TKK's call to strike, which has to be viewed as a defeat for "Solidarity". In Warsaw, only a few industrial workplaces went on strike. Protests were also organized at institutions of higher learning. Street demonstrations took place in Kraków, Nowa Huta, Wrocław, and Warsaw. During the demonstrations that took place in the capital, Stanisław Królik suffered severe injuries in unexplained circumstances, and died on November 16 (it was suspected that he was beaten up by the ZOMO). 60 students were arrested in the capital. Leonid Brezhnev died. Yuri Andropov was elected the new First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. A flower cross was arranged at the cemetery in Chełm, and pamphlets were distributed.
The opposition celebrated the anniversary of Poland regaining independence, which was not officially commemorated in the People's Republic of Poland. A street demonstration gathered in the capital, and was dispersed by the militia.
Lech Wałęsa was freed from internment.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "A group of 1,500 people gathered in front of the house where Lech Wałęsa lives, shouting: <<Long live Solidarity>>, <<There is no freedom without solidarity>>, and singing the national anthem. Lech Wałęsa delivered a 4-minute speech, in which he announced further meetings".
The trial of Władysław Frasyniuk commenced at the Provincial Court in Wrocław.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "Following the end of service at the cathedral in Tarnów, a group of 100 people sang religious and patriotic songs at the cross in front of the church".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On November 17 at the Management of the Postal and Telecommunication District in Szczecin, propaganda materials of the Polish United Workers' Party were set on fire".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the Repair and Building Work Cooperative in Wrocław, a fundraiser was held in order to gather monies for paying the costs of legal counsel for an employee arrested under the charge of belonging to an illegal trade union".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "45 employees of Department W-2 of the Gas Equipment Plant <<Gazomet>> in Rawicz sent a petition to the management, protesting against the dismissal of an employee".
In its declaration, the TKK cancelled the protests initially planned for December. It was determined that the release of Lech Wałęsa "had created new possibilities for a truce with the authorities".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On November 23 in Ścinawa an attempt was made at setting the apartment of the first secretary of the Municipal-Communal Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party on fire."
The Provincial Court in Wrocław sentenced Władysław Frasyniuk under the summary procedure to a term of imprisonment of 6 years and a loss of his civic rights for 4 years.
The Belgian courier of the Warsaw-based Radio "Solidarity", Roger Noel, was sentenced to a term of imprisonment of 3 years. Soon, however, he was able to leave Poland.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On November 27, a soldier serving his national service tried to hijack an aircraft of the "Malev" Hungarian Airlines at the Warsaw-OkęcieCentralAirport."
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On November 29, a monument and 3 headstones for Soviet soldiers were destroyed in Rabka".
As part of the repressions directed against specific circles, the authorities dissolved the Association of Polish Stage Actors. One of the motives was the fact that artistic circles had boycotted official radio and television.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On December 3, the premises of the former Central-Eastern Regional Board of NSZZ "Solidarity" in Lublin was set on fire".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "36 employees of the boiler facility at the Zakłady Przemysłu Dziewiarskiego <<Cotex>> in Płock sent a petition demanding a pay raise".
RKS NSZZ "Solidarity" in Piła changed its name to the Regional Executive Committee of NSZZ "Solidarity" - Piła Region.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the Industrial Dyes Plant <<Organika – Boruta>> in Zgierz, 180 members of the Civil Defense Section did not commence work, demanding an improvement in social conditions".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On December 8 inWrocław, the authorities disclosed an informal 11-man group that, within the clandestine structures of NSZZ "Solidarity", occupied itself with the preparation and printing of illegal publications and pamphlets; 150 colloidal matrices and 7 reams of paper were seized."
The Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs, Bogusław Stachura, informed that in 1982 a total of 360 locations for the printing of illegal literature had been closed down throughout Poland. 1,196 items of copying equipment, 468 typewriters and more than 700,000 pamphlets had been seized. 10,131 people were interned. 2,822 political investigations had been commenced. 3,616 people had been arrested in connection therewith.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "In the township of Trzcianka, a fundraiser was held in local workplaces in support of NSZZ <<Solidarity>>".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On December 11 in Myszków, a bottle of paint was thrown at the building of the Municipal Committee of the PZPR."
"Solidarity" published a declaration. This called once again for building independent public institutions and renounced violence as a viable tool.
As a result of operations undertaken by the Secret Police, members of the TZR, as well as editors and printers of "Komunikaty" were arrested.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At night the cross at the Church of the Holy Cross in Łódź, a group of 150 people started shouting <<New trade unions to the Powązki cemetery>>, <<Long live <<Solidarity>> >>. Leaflets calling for the organization of a demonstration on December 16 were distributed among those gathered".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the Polam Plant in Pułtusk, a fundraiser was organized for a mass gathering intended to commemorate the first anniversary of martial law". Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On December 14 inWarsaw, an attempt was made to set the apartment occupied by the lawyer [Władysław] Siła-Nowicki on fire. He was well-known for his negative political stance."
The Secret Police detained Lech Wałęsa so that he could not take part in the ceremony at the monument that was dedicated to the Victims of December. He was transported around in a car for 9 hours. The Interplant Coordination Committee of NSZZ "Solidarity" in Częstochowa was transformed into the Interim Regional Committee of NSZZ "Solidarity" - Częstochowa Region – until 1985, this was the supreme executive body of underground "Solidarity" in the region. The largest demonstration ever to be held during martial law was staged at the 2nd secondary school. Students gathered in the corridors, lit candles and "mumbled" the Rota. Classes at the school were suspended for a few days.
The first session of the Interim National Council of the Patriotic Movement for National Rebirth was held. Jan Dobraczyński, a writer and publicist (for many years connected with the Catholic PAX association, which was approved by the authorities), became its chairman, while Marian Orzechowski, the secretary of the Central Committee of the PZPR, was elected general secretary.
Parliament passed an act suspending martial law and on the "special legal regulations in force during the period of suspension of civil law", which maintained many of the restrictions introduced following December 13, 1981.
The Council of State passed a resolution suspending martial law with effect from December 31, 1982. In Poznań, members of the Confederation of Young Poland "Rokosz" and School Circles of Social Resistance carried out the "Barak" campaign, during which protest texts were written within, or outside of, a few secondary schools in Poznań. One of the texts read: "Get your hands off secondary school".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the depot of the Municipal Transport Corporation in Wrocław, a fundraiser was held for repressed persons".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "A fundraiser was held among Warsaw visual artists in support of NSZZ <<Solidarity>>".
The Minister of Internal Affairs ordered the release of all internees. The internment camps were closed down. At the same time, a decision of the Supreme Military Prosecutor's Office led to the arrest of the members of the National Committee of NSZZ "Solidarity", who had hitherto been interned. This group included Andrzej Gwiazda, Seweryn Jaworski, Marian Jurczyk, Karol Modzelewski, Grzegorz Palka, Andrzej Rozpłochowski, and Jan Rulewski
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "In Wrocław, following the midnight mass a group of 50 persons outside the church and sang the hymn of <<Solidarity>>". Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On December 25, a tear gas canister was thrown into the building of the Regional Citizens' Militia Station in Bystrzyca Kłodzka – material losses approx. 15,000 zlotys."
Representatives of the world of culture and science submitted a letter in support of the arrested members of the National Committee.
The Provincial Court in Wrocław sentenced Piotr Bednarz, a member of RKS Lower Silesia and the TKK, to a term of imprisonment of 4 years and the loss of civic rights for 3 years.
During the night fromDecember 28-29, the authorities arrested J. Pałubicki and 13 other persons collaborating with the TZR. Pałubicki's trial was held in October 1983. The chairman of the TZR was sentenced to a term of imprisonment of 4 years (this was halved based on amnesty).
The Interplant Strike Committe - Grzegórzek, Krowodrzy, Podgórza and Śródmieścia was transformed into the Interplant Solidarity Committee Kraków. Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the Screw Factory in Żywiec, a fundraiser was held in support of NSZZ <<Solidarity>>". Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On December 29 in Poznań, the authorities disclosed a 13-man informal group, the members of which were engaged in clandestine trade union activities of NSZZ "Solidarity" and the distribution of pamphlets and illegal publications".
Approx. 2,000 people demonstrated on the streets of Konin. ZOMO officers checked the IDs of 325 participants of the demonstration, and detained 21 persons (18 of these were forwarded to a magistrates' court); 2 people were sent to the Provincial Court.
The Regional Consultation Committee functioning in the province of Katowice was transformed into the Regional Executive Committee. Jerzy Buzek became its head. The Sileasia-Dąbrowa region was divided into four sub-areas: West, East, South, and Center.
A sentence was passed by the Provincial Court in Sieradz. Three persons accused of continuing trade union activities - Henryk Krzanowski, Michał Gorczyca, Dariusz Gasiński - were sentenced to a year of imprisonment and suspended for 3 years.
The government spokesman, Jerzy Urban, informed that throughout 1982 some 3,600 people had been arrested for political reasons. 1,600 were sentenced and detained.
Lech Wałęsa was interviewed over the telephone by the editors of Polish emigrant papers and radio programs in the USA and Canada.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "Before the electoral meeting of the new trade union at the Ludwik Waryński Building Machinery Plant in Warsaw, a foul smelling liquid was poured out in front of the hall".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "The Municipal Command of the Citizens' Militia in Wałcz received an anonymous telephone call informing of the placement of explosive devices under the building of the Municipal Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party and the City Office in Wałcz".
In the prison in Białystok, Zbigniew Simoniuk, a "Solidarity" activist serving a prison term of 1.5 years, died in unexplained circumstances. The Kalisz-based priest, Father Stefan Dzierżek, was sentenced to a term of imprisonment of one year (suspended for 3 years) for the placement of political - from the point of view of the authorities - elements in the Christmas crib.
At the Polish Theater in Warsaw, as part of the Social Week of the Polish Stage campaign, the public shouted "Solidarity" for 15 minutes. The Week of the Polish Stage was to be a sui generis "thank you" to the artists for their participation in the boycott of the official mass media.
In many Polish cities, among others in Warsaw, Gdańsk, Poznań, and Wrocław, solemn masses were held for the Homeland, which were for the arrested and persecuted.
The Secret Police in Warsaw carried out a search at the homes of the writers Wiktor Woroszylski, Marek Nowakowski, Kazimierz Orłoś, and Piotr Wierzbicki.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "In the Rybnicki Coal District, an illegal 12-man organization was disclosed, this comprising members of KPN; apart from printing and distributing pamphlets, they were stashing explosive materials and poison with the objective of carrying out acts of terror and eliminating [!] PZPR activists".
In Warsaw, the militia detained Krzysztof Burek, the editor in chief of "Biuletyn Informacyjny" and spokesman of the Regional Board of NSZZ "Solidarity" in Białystok.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "In Legnica, an informal 10-man group was detained; these persons were suspected of having carried out attacks in 1982 in the Legnica province by use of explosive materials".
Writers' "Solidarity" addressed a declaration to writers, critics, and translators of literature, members of the ZLP, and the Polish Pen Club. This constituted a sui generis "Code of honor", and contained guidelines as to the method of behavior in the difficult reality of martial law, and the attempts of the authorities to gain the support of representatives of cultural circles for their policy.
The TKK issued a declaration entitled "Solidarity Today" with the objective of combating the feeling of hopelessness and disenchantment. It pointed to the unchanged objective of the Trade Union – implementing the program of the 1st National Convention of NSZZ "Solidarity". It was agreed that another objective would be to force the authorities to look for a compromise.
The trial of persons accused of organizing Radio Solidarity commenced at the District Court in Warsaw. The accused were: Zbigniew Romaszewski, Zofia Romaszewska, Danuta Jadczak, Irena Rasińska, Marek Rasiński, Zbigniew Pietrzak, Jacek Bąk, Dariusz Rutkowski, and Anna Owczarska. On this same day, Warsaw Radio "Solidarity" aired another broadcast. The Provincial Court in Opole sentenced seventeen people involved in underground activities in the region, including the chairman of the region of NSZZ "Solidarity", Stanisław Jałowiecki.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "In Warsawm a 4-man informal group was uncovered; its members had been acting within the clandestine organizational structures of NSZZ "Solidarity" and in 1982 had detonated tear gas canisters among the public during performances and rehearsals".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "The secretary of the OOP PZPR at the Gdańsk Port Authority was threatened at his home by 7 unknown persons".
<<Radio Solidarity>> in Poznań aired a 5-minute broadcast on the television sound channel during the evening news program.
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the cemetery of those who died in Wejherowo, a monument dedicated to Soviet soldiers was destroyed".
The Interplant Committee of "Solidarity" of Southern Lesser Poland was established, including workplaces from Bochnia, Brzesk, Dąbrowa Tarnowska, Dębica, Jasło, Tarnów, and Nowy Sącz.
Marek Edelman, a member of the Regional Board of "Solidarity" Łódź Region, a delegate to the 1st KZD "Solidarity", the sole surviving commander of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising, refused to participate in the official Honorary Committee for the Commemoration of the 40th Anniversary of the Uprising. Primate Józef Glemp received a cardinal's nomination
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "At the 5th Secondary School in Szczecin, an informal group was uncovered, this comprising 3rd grade students, operating under the name "Youth Secret Police".
Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "On the door of the apartment occupied by chairman of the initiative group for the appointment of a new trade union at the Bieszczady Wood Processing Plant in Rzepedzia, a threatening drawing was inscribed".
A meeting of farmers took place - members of NSZZRI "Solidarity" from South-Eastern Poland in the Retreat House in Krasiczyn.
The writer Maria Kuncewiczowa refused to accept the Polonia Restituta medal. In a letter to the minister of culture, Kazimierz Żygulski, she wrote among others that "As a supporter of civic freedoms I cannot accept a medal from a state that does not respect such freedoms". Records of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: "In Legnica, 5 other members of a terrorist group were detained; this group had executed attacks using explosive materials in 1982".
Following the presentation of the Gobi Report, members of the UN Committee for Human and Civic Rights from Italy, the Federal Republic of Germany, Ireland, and the Netherlands submitted a resolution demanding additional investigations concerning the infringement of human rights in the PRL.